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4. Gaia-X Compliance Criteria for Cloud Services

Note

We use the term ‘Provider’ throughout this section as the short denominator for a cloud Service Provider or CSP, i.e., the participant who provides cloud Service Offerings in the Gaia-X ecosystem. We use the term ‘Customer’ in this section to denominate the cloud service Customer, i.e., the participant who consumes a Service Offering from a cloud Service Provider.

Note

We use the term ‘Customer Data’ throughout this section for all customer provided or generated data, both personal and non-personal data, as processed by a Provider. This is not about the data-about-the-Customer, which the Provider needs to administer the service offering, to deploy, meter and bill the service to the Customer. Such data-about-the-Customer or know-my-customer-data need to be handled according to applicable legislation by the Provider and this falls outside the scope of this PRCD. Please note that additional contractual arrangements, inclusions or exclusions, can be made regarding specific types of data in the scope of a service agreement.

Note

Whereas certain rules have originated from personal data privacy legislation, and other rules are suggested in a non-personal context, in practice, it is in most cases impossible for a Provider to differentiate between these data types. The Provider does not, and in many cases ought not even know which type of data is stored or processed with its services. Still, we have explicitly indicated which rules apply to personal data, where relevant.

Note

The compliance criteria are listed using a hierarchical numbering system, prefixed by a “P” to indicate Provider targeted criteria. The hierarchical numbering allows to assign stable numbers to criteria, also when future additions or deletions are made.

Acronyms

We use the following abbreviations in this section: C (Conformity), L1 (Gaia-X Label level 1), L2 (Gaia-X Label level 2) and L3 (Gaia-X Label level 3).

Criteria extract in JSON

A machine readable version of the criteria in JSON is available here.

4.1 Nomenclature and Versioning of Referenced Standards

Identified / Term in this Document Short Description (where necessary) Version Reference & Access (might be behind a paywall)
SecNumCloud French Cloud Service Requirements maintained by the Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d’information (ANSSI); further information available at the project’s website. SecNumCloud 3.2.a, as of March, 8th 2022
BSI C5 The C5 (Cloud Computing Compliance Criteria Catalogue) criteria catalogue specifies minimum requirements for secure cloud computing and is primarily intended for professional cloud providers, their auditors and customers. It is published by the German Federal Office for Information Security. BSI C5:2020
ISO/IEC 27001 ISO/IEC 27001:2022
CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS) Approved GDPR Code Of Conduct maintained by CISPE, covering Infrastructure and IaaS Cloud Services; further information available at the project’s website. February 9th, 2021
EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XAAS) Approved GDPR Code of Conduct maintained by the EU Cloud CoC General Assembly, covering the full cloud stack (XAAS); further information available at the project’s website. EU Cloud CoC v2.11 as of December 2020
SWIPO SWIPO (Switching Cloud Providers and Porting Data), is a multi-stakeholder group facilitated by the European Commission, in order to develop voluntary Codes of Conduct for the proper application of the EU Free Flow of Non-Personal Data Regulation / Article 6 “Porting of Data”. There are two Codes of Conduct available, each independently referred to in this document as “SWIPO IaaS” and “SWIPO SaaS”. SWIPO IaaS: v3.0; SWIPO SaaS:Version 2020 dating 08-07-2020
TISAX the TISAX® testing and exchange mechanism was founded on the German Association of the Automotive Industry (VDA) catalogue of ISA (Information Security Assessment) requirements, largely established on the basis of the international ISO/IEC 27001 standard. The platform provides members throughout the value chain standardized assessment of their information security status to be shared with partners working in the automotive industry. TISAX 2017 (Revised Points of Focus 2022)
CSA CCM CSA Cloud Control Matrix CSA Cloud Control Matrix v.4

4.2 Assessment procedures

The Gaia-X Comformity and Gaia-X Label are always issued by accredited Gaia-X Compliance services. The Gaia-X Digital Clearing House operates instances of the Gaia-X Compliance service.

Depending on the type of attestation, declaration or certification, different claims and evidences are required.

For declaration, the technical validation of the claims and the evidences is performed by the Gaia-X Compliance service. The claim and evidences are described using the Gaia-X ontology which is available via the Gaia-X Registry services. The Gaia-X Digital Clearing House operates instances of the Gaia-X Registry service.

Gaia-X ontology

An “ontology is a formal, explicit specification of a shared conceptualisation”. (Gruber,1993)

In Gaia-X case, it means to create models that are understandable by an algorithm so one can automate rules with a computer. The models are developed by Gaia-X members under the Technical Committee.

To ensure that an evidence can be verified, a reference to an external document includes a hash value of that document, for future content integrity verification.

Whenever external content is referenced, that content shall be integrity protected using a suitable secure message digest algorithm (e.g. cryptographic hash like SHA512) and the message digest shall be included. The inclusion of the message digest allows to verify the content against the claim at any later time when that referenced content is made available to a verifier (customer or third party e.g. a third party involved in a dispute resolution), including in cases where information contained in such referenced content cannot be made available to the public (e.g. only to customers during or after a contract between the provider and the customer is made).

For certification, the technical or manual verification of the claims and the evidences is performed by external impartial CAB and the Gaia-X Compliance engine verifies the eligibility of the CAB to issue specific certifications based on the ‘Permissible Standards’ information of each criteria.

Validation vs Verification

Based on the ISO/IEC 17000:2020 terms:

  • validation: confirmation of plausibility for a specific intended use or application (ISO/IEC 17000:2020)
  • verification: confirmation of truthfulness through the provision of objective evidence (ISO/IEC 17000:2020)

4.3 Contractual framework

This section reflects provisions associated with the contractual framework between a ‘Provider’ and a ‘Customer’, required for any Service Offering regardless of its type, purpose, or processed categories of data. It is divided into requirements related to the governance of contract and material aspects that shall be addressed in contracts. This section and subordinate criteria shall not provide exact and exhaustive contractual language. It shall rather allow providers to reflect the requirements subject to their individual needs of structure and language.

Additionally, it is not expected that individual contracts will be subject to an evaluation process by Gaia-X. Gaia-X will rather focus on evaluating a process, reflected by documented internal policies or procedures, that safeguard conformity with the requirements laid out in this section.

Note

To the extent GDPR standards are mapped as permissible standards in this section, i.e., Contractual Governance and General Material Requirements and Transparency: By their very nature, GDPR standards address the processing of personal data. As theoretically implemented technical and organisational measures may differ to the extent personal or non-personal data are affected, this is considered a limited practical concern. Against this background, GDPR standards were mapped as permissible standards accordingly. Consequently, Customers are invited to evaluate if they need any additional assurances.

4.3.1 Contractual governance


Criterion P1.1.1: The Provider shall offer the ability to establish a legally binding act. This legally binding act shall be documented.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall contain either a resolvable identifier pointing to the legally binding act offered by the Provider or a contact form to request more information.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1
  • BSI C5: BC-01, OIS-03
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.2
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.A, 5.1.B
  • CSA CCM: STA-09
  • SWIPO IaaS: FR1, FR2

Example Standards:N/A

Note

The Provider needs to ensure a process that guarantees that a legally binding act is in place before delivering any form of service.

Note

The legally binding act can be a contract.

Note

Documented can be by any means, provided that both parties have the same access to such documentation, including the possibility to technically copy and share such documentation without hindrance. The possibility to technically copy and share without hindrance does not prevent the parties to agree upon any NDA or other means, that might provide for reasonable legal limitations.


Criterion P1.1.2: The Provider shall have an option for each legally binding act to be governed by EU/EEA/Member State law.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall contain the list of ISO 3166-2 codes indicating the EU/EEA/Member States whose law may be applied as governing law for the legally binding act.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.c
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.2
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.A, 5.1.B, 5.1.C, 5.1.F, 5.4.F

Example Standards:

  • BSI C5: BC-01
  • CSA CCM: STA-09
  • SWIPO IaaS: FR1, FR2

Criterion P1.1.3: The Provider shall clearly identify for which parties the legal act is binding.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: The declaration shall include at least one of the following:

  1. Detailed description of the parties using the Gaia-X Ontology.
  2. Use of legally relevant or legally binding cryptographic certificates from the Gaia-X Registry (note: this is not applicable in case of manual signature).

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.b
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.C, 5.1.F, 5.1.H

Example Standards:

  • BSI C5: BC-01, OIS-03
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.2
  • CSA CCM STA-09
  • SWIPO IaaS: FR1, FR2

Criterion P1.1.4: The Provider shall ensure that the legally binding act covers the entire provision of the Service Offering.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Detailed description of the service, its components and dependencies using the Gaia-X Ontology.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1, 19.4
  • BSI C5: BC-01, BC-02, BC-04
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.2
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.C, 5.1.F, 5.1.H
  • CSA CCM: STA-09

Example Standards:

  • SWIPO IaaS: FR1, FR2

Rationale

The provisions of the Service Offering may comprise several elements. Increased complexities of individual Service Offerings must not undermine the necessity of a documented legally binding act. To address practical needs, the legally binding act may comprise multiple separate documents, e.g., a master agreement and exhibits such as service level agreements or data protection agreements.


Criterion P1.1.5: The Provider shall clearly identify in each legally binding act the applicable governing law.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall detail the applicable governing laws for the legally binding act, by indicating the ISO 3166-2 code of the respective country.

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A

Point Of Reference Standards:

  • SecNumCloud 3.2.a – 19.1.c

4.3.2 General material requirements and transparency


Criterion P1.2.1: The Provider shall ensure there are specific provisions regarding service interruptions and business continuity (e.g., by means of a service level agreement), Provider’s bankruptcy or any other reason by which the Provider may cease to exist in law.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion shall be provided, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • the nature of the possible disruption (ISO 22301) events identified and the impacts (ISO 22301);
  • the conditions for the event to occur;
  • the measures which will be implemented to resume normal operation;
  • compensation terms;
  • the mitigation process to reduce the risks associated with the interruption of the service.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 17.1, 17.2, 19.1.j
  • BSI C5: BCM-02, BCM-03
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 5.5
  • CSA CCM: BCR-01, BCR-02, BCR-03

Example Standards:

  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.Q
  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.5.30, A.8.21
  • SWIPO IaaS: DP08
  • TISAX: 17.1

Criterion P1.2.2: The Provider shall ensure there are provisions governing the rights of the parties to use the service and any Customer Data therein.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion shall be provided, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The Provider shall indicate the relevant provisions within its agreement. These provisions should consider the following elements:

  • how to rectify, erase, restrict, access or port Customer Data and related costs;
  • means for the Customer to retrieve and delete Customer Data;
  • terms under which the Provider can process Customer Data, also with regard to sub-processors;
  • termination of the contract/terms to make available data to the Customer and delete them after the termination of the contract;

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.b, 19.1.d, 19.1.h, 19.1.k
  • BSI C5: PI-02
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.7, 4.10, 5.7
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.F, 5.1.H, 5.7.A, 5.10.A, 5.10.B
  • CSA CCM: IPY-01, IPY-04
  • SWIPO IaaS: TR-04

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P1.2.3: The Provider shall ensure there are provisions governing changes, regardless of their kind.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion shall be provided, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).
The evidence shall detail:

  • issuing of the GaiaXTermsAndCondition verifiable credential. The Participant signing Gaia-X Credentials agrees as follows: “to update its Gaia-X Credentials about any changes, be it technical, organizational, or legal - especially but not limited to contractual in regard to the indicated attributes present in the Gaia-X Credentials.”.
  • procedures for monitoring and managing changes to the information processing systems or on the technical and organizational security measures under the Provider’s responsibilities at the effective date of the legally binding agreement;
  • procedures detailing how to communicate the following information to the Customer, in the event of operations carried out by the Provider and which may have an impact on the security or availability of the service: scheduled date and time of the start and end of operations, impacts on the security or availability of the service, contact within the provider;
  • procedures to notify the Customer of any changes concerning an addition or a replacement of a subprocessor engaged by the Provider based on a general authorization by the Customer.
  • criteria for risk assessment, categorisation and prioritisation of changes;
  • procedures on how to inform the Customer about the type and scope of the change as well as the resulting obligations to cooperate in accordance with the contractual agreements;
  • requirements for the documentation of changes in system, operational and user documentation;
  • provisions limiting changes directly impacting Customer’s owned environments/tenants to explicitly authorized requests within service level agreements between the Provider and the Consumer.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 12.2, 14.2a, 15.4.a
  • BSI C5: BC-01, OIS-03, DEV-03
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.3.F, 6.2.K
  • CSA CCM: CCC-01, CCC-05

Example Standards:

  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.8.32
  • SWIPO IaaS: TR-04
  • TISAX: 5.2.1

Criterion P1.2.4: The Provider shall ensure there are provisions governing aspects regarding copyright or any other intellectual property rights.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 7.2.c
  • SWIPO IaaS: SCR02
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.8
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.F, 5.2.D, 5.12.A, 5.12.B, 5.12.C, 5.12.D, 5.12.F

Example Standards:

  • BSI C5: HR-06
  • CSA CCM: HRS-08, HRS-10
  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.6.2, A.6.3, A.6.5
  • TISAX: 8.2.1, 8.2.2, 8.2.3

Criterion P1.2.5: The Provider shall declare the general location of any processing of Customer Data, allowing the Customer to determine the applicable jurisdiction and to comply with Customer’s requirements in the context of its business and operational context.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: The declaration shall include the following details:

  1. resources and dependencies of the Service Offering, using the Gaia-X Ontology.
  2. country and administrative area of physical resources.
  3. management access location

Permissible Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.4
  • CSA CCM: DSP-19

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.b, 19.2.a
  • BSI C5: BC-01
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.3.E, 5.3.G, 5.4.B

Note

  • The general location is a geographical reference, such as a city or city region area.
  • Business and operational context shall address elements such as business continuity, by e.g., safeguarding minimum distances between Customer’s processing activities.

Criterion P1.2.6: The Provider shall explain how information about subcontractors and related Customer Data localization will be communicated.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • procedures and mechanisms to inform the Customer about the list of all subcontractors involved in the implementation of the Service and related locations where the Customer data is processed, stored and backed up.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 15.1, 15.2, 19.1.b, 19.2.a
  • BSI C5: 3.4.4.1, BC-01
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.5
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.3.C, 5.3.E, 5.3.F, 5.3.G
  • CSA CCM: DSP-19, STA-03, STA-09

Example Standards:

  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.5.19, A.5.20
  • TISAX: 6.1.1

Note

This applies to the subcontractors essential to the provision of the Service Offering, including any sub-processors.


Criterion P1.2.7: The Provider shall communicate to the Customer where the applicable jurisdiction(s) of subcontractors will be.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • Contractual terms to inform the Customer, including notification of any changes, about the jurisdiction(s) of subcontractors applicable to the processing of Customer Data, by providing information on the general location of subcontractors (such as a country or regional area).

Permissible Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.5
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.3.A, 5.3.E, 5.3.F, 5.3.G

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 15.1, 15.2, 19.1.b, 19.2.a
  • BSI C5: 3.4.4.1, BC-01
  • CSA CCM: DSP-19, STA-03, STA-09
  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.5.19, A.5.20
  • TISAX: 6.1.1

Note

This applies to the subcontractors essential for the provision of the Service Offering, including any sub-processors.


Criterion P1.2.8: The Provider shall include in the contract the contact details where Customer may address any queries regarding the Service Offering and the contract.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences covering the criterion shall be provided, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • Communications channels or standardised interactive interfaces or Customer Portals available to the Customer to enable cooperation between the Provider and the Customer;
  • Contact details available to the Customer to assist him in fulfilling data subject rights requests, including data subject access requests;
  • Contact details to enable individual support to the Customer for any questions or requests it may have regarding the data protection measures covered by the Service Agreement;
  • Contact data of the Data Protection Officer (as required under the GDPR) or Data Protection Point of Contact.

Permissible Standards:

  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.7, 5.9.A, 5.9.B

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.b
  • BSI C5: BC-02, OIS-03
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3, 4.6

Note

Queries include requests during the pre-contractual state, before coming to an agreement.

Note

As it is generally foreseen that Lvl2 and Lvl3 will require third-party attestations, for this requirement shall apply the following: For the time being, there exists only one Permissible Standard. Until more Permissible Standards will be identified to this Criterion, Lvl2 and Lvl3 shall only require a declaration.


Criterion P1.2.9: The Provider shall declare the mandatory service and resource attributes in the self-description of each Service Offering.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: The Service Offering credential shall contain the mandatory attributes for services and resources, as they are defined in this document.

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A

Note

The list of the mandatory attributes to be provided in Gaia-X Credentials to describe Services and Resources is reported in Chapter Services and Resources - Mandatory attributes, while the recommended optional attributes are reported in the Gaia-X Registry.

4.3.3 Technical compliance requirements


Criterion P1.3.1: The Provider shall describe the Permissions, Requirements and Constraints of the Service Offering using a common Domain-Specific Language (DSL) in the self-description.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: for Service Offerings and resources, the declaration shall include information on the policies describing Permissions, Requirements and Constraints using a common Domain-Specific Language (DSL).

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P1.3.2: The Provider shall ensure that the Service Offering is operated by a Gaia-X participant defined by a verified credential.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include the following elements:

  • Unique registered business identifier identifying the Service Offering Provider. For this purpose, legally relevant or legally binding cryptographic certificates from the Gaia-X Registry shall be used.
  • Physical location of the headquarters in ISO 3166-2 or numeric format.
  • Physical location of legal registration in ISO 3166-2 or numeric format.

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P1.3.3: Not in use

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A N/A

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P1.3.4: Not in use

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A N/A

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P1.3.5: Not in use

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A N/A

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A

4.4 Data Protection

This section only applies in the case of processing personal Customer Data. It reflects GDPR requirements without extending GDPR’s obligations, and it cites some of these requirements as they are judged to be explicitly relevant. By principle, this section shall only apply to personal data that are processed and are subject to the commercial relationship between the Customer and the Provider (we call them ‘personal Customer Data’), but not those personal data that are processed by the Provider to establish and maintain such commercial relationship for its own purposes, e.g., contract handling and invoicing. Provided a service offering will not process any personal data in this sense, the requirements as laid down in this section shall not apply.

Note

In this section, Permissible Standards are limited to standards, which have officially passed the Data Protection Supervisory Authorities’ approval process. Saying, Permissible Standards must meet the Gaia-X criterion and meet the legal requirements of claiming to be a GDPR standard. Other standards, which might also address the Gaia-X criterion entirely, are listed as Example Standards. Where the Example Standard might address a Gaia-X criterion in its entirety, a (*) has been added. Otherwise, Example Standards remain aligned with the common methodology of this document.

4.4.1 General


Criterion P2.1.1: The Provider shall offer the ability to establish a contract under Union or EU/EEA/Member State law and specifically addressing GDPR requirements.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A declaration certification certification

Declaration: The declaration shall include:

  1. The list of ISO 3166-2 codes indicating the EU/EEA/Member States whose law may be applied as governing law for the legally binding act.
  2. Evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either by providing a resolvable identifier pointing to the Service agreement offered by the Provider addressing the relevant provision or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 18.1.a, 19.1
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.2
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.A, 5.1.C
  • In cases of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by an accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): assessment by an accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification / accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 18.1.a, 19.1(*)

Note

GDPR requires EU/EEA or Member State law to be applicable. The Provider needs to ensure a process that guarantees that a legally binding act is in place before delivering any form of service.

Note

The GDPR requires suitable documentation, whilst clarifying, e.g., in Art. 28 (9) GDPR, that such documentation shall be in writing, including electronic form.


Criterion P2.1.2: The Provider shall define the roles and responsibilities of each party.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL), shall be provided. The evidence shall detail:

  • roles and related responsibilities of the Provider and the Customer for the protection of personal data;
  • responsibilities of the Provider and the Customer with respect to security measures.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 6.1.e, 19.1
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3, 5.1
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.C
  • In case of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by an accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): assessment by an accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification / accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 6.1.e, 19.1 (*)

Criterion P2.1.3: The Provider shall clearly define the technical and organizational measures in accordance with the roles and responsibilities of the parties, including an adequate level of detail.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document/other legally relevant documents or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • a reference to the documentation of the Provider detailing its implemented technical and organisation measures. Such measures should refer to elements such as:

  • available documentation and mechanisms to implement a Security Management System, including an internal security organisation;

  • documentation regarding a risk assessment covering the scope of the Service;
  • technical and organizational measures to ensure a level of security appropriate to the risk;
  • technical and organisational measures implemented and maintained for the Provider’s data center facilities, servers, networking equipment and host software systems that are within the Provider’s control and are used to provide the Service;
  • provisions to ensure transparency between the Provider and the Customer regarding their security responsibilities.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 5 to 17
  • BSI C5: All Basic Criteria
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): Entire Section 6
  • In cases of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by an accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): assessment by an accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification / accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 5 to 17 (*)
  • BSI C5: All Basic Criteria (*)
  • CSA CCM: All controls except Domain 'Universal Endpoint Management' (*)
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Entire Annex A (*)
  • TISAX: All Information Security Requirements (*)

4.4.2 GDPR Art. 28


Criterion P2.2.1: The Provider shall be ultimately bound to instructions of the Customer.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL), shall be provided.
The evidence shall detail:

  • The terms under which the Provider shall process Customer Personal Data on behalf of the Customer;
  • The scope of Customer’s Instructions for the processing of Customer Personal Data;
  • The parameters of the Service Offering description within which the Customer can give instructions to the Provider in relation to the processing of personal data.

Permissible Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.1
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.F, 5.2.D
  • In cases of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by an accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): assessment by an accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification / accredited certification body.

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P2.2.2: The Provider shall clearly define how Customer may instruct, including by electronic means such as configuration tools or APIs.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or additional manuals or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL), shall be provided. The evidence shall detail:

  • format of acceptable Instructions from the Customer to the CSP;
  • confirmation of Customer interactions and verification;
  • records of completion and actions taken.

Permissible Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.2
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.2.A, 5.2.B, 5.2.C
  • In cases of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): assessment by an accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification / accredited certification body.

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P2.2.3: The Provider shall clearly define if and to which extent third country transfer will take place.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification N/A

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).

Permissible Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.4
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.4.A, 5.4.C, 5.4.E
  • In cases of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by an accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): assessment by an accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification / accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: DSP-10, DSP-19 (*)
  • SecNumCloud: 5.3.e, 19.1.e
  • BSI C5: BC-01
  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.5.34

Criterion P2.2.4: The Provider shall clearly define if and to the extent third country transfers will take place, and by which means of Chapter V GDPR these transfers will be protected.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A declaration certification N/A

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL), shall be provided. The evidence shall detail:

  • information regarding the country/countries where the data is stored and processed by or on behalf of the Provider;
  • specific safeguards under Chapter V GDPR that the Provider plans to apply in case of third-country transfers and procedures to ensure that no transfer of Customer Personal Data takes place without appropriate safeguards in place;

Permissible Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.4
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.4.A, 5.4.C, 5.4.E
  • In cases of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by an accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification / accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: DSP-10, DSP-19 (*)
  • SecNumCloud: 5.3.e, 19.1.e
  • BSI C5: BC-01
  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.5.34

Criterion P2.2.5: The Provider shall clearly define if and to which extent sub-processors will be involved.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL), shall be provided. The evidence shall detail:

  • Procedures and mechanisms in place to keep up-to-date and communicate to the Customer the list of existing sub-processors involved in the implementation of the service, including the information on the related jurisdictions applicable to the processing of Customer Personal Data and details about the specific contribution of sub-processors to the provision of the service and processing of personal/customer data.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 15.1
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.5
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.3.E, 5.3.F, 5.3.G
  • In cases of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): assessment by an accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 42 GDPR): accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). assessment process as defined by the respective Certification/accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: DSP-13 (*)
  • TISAX: 9.2 (*)
  • BSI C5: 3.4.4.1, BC-01
  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.5.19

Criterion P2.2.6: The Provider shall clearly define if and to the extent sub-processors will be involved, and the measures that are in place regarding sub-processors management.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, copied from the legally binding document or other legally relevant documents or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • procedures and mechanisms in place to maintain and communicate to the Customer the list of sub-processors involved in the implementation of the service, including the information on the related jurisdictions applicable to the processing of Customer Personal Data and details about their specific contribution to the provision of the service and processing of personal/customer data;
  • measures to impose on sub-processors the same or a higher level of data protection than the level ensured by the Provider;
  • procedures to regularly monitor the security measures and changes implemented by the sub-processors.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, 15.5
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.5
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.3.C, 5.3.D
  • In case of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): Accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 43 GDPR): Accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification/accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, 15.5 (*)
  • CSA CCM: DSP-13, DSP-14, DSP-17, STA-01, STA-09, STA-12, STA-13, STA-14
  • BSI C5: 3.4.4.1, SSO-01, SSO-02, SSO-03, SSO-04, SSO-05
  • ISO/IEC 27001: A.5.19, A.5.20, A.5.34
  • TISAX: 6.1.1

Criterion P2.2.7: The Provider shall define the audit rights for the Customer.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail the procedures regarding the audits that the Customer may request to verify the adequacy of the security and data protection controls that apply to the Service Offering, by addressing the following topics:

  • how the Provider will contribute to such activity;
  • what auditors can be selected by the Customer;
  • controls determined by the Provider to avoid risks for other customers/interruption of business operations;
  • terms to be accepted by the Customer to protect Provider’s confidential information;
  • obligations related to the payment of the audit activity.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.q
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.6
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.5.C, 5.5.D, 5.5.F
  • In case of a Code of Conduct (Art. 40 GDPR): Accredited monitoring body for the respective Code of Conduct, Art. 41 GDPR. Assessment process as defined by the respective Code of Conduct / accredited monitoring body.
  • In case of a Certification (Art. 43 GDPR): Accredited Certification Body for the respective Certification (Art. 43 GDPR). Assessment process as defined by the respective Certification/accredited certification body.

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.q (*)
  • BSI C5: COM-02

4.5 Cybersecurity

Safeguarding the appropriate security of service offerings and processed elements is a key and state-of-art principle. Therefore, this section applies to any service offering, regardless of its Provider, type, purpose, or processed category of data. It is acknowledged that implementing cybersecurity-related measures may apply in most cases to the Provider’s organisation, rather than the explicit service offering. However, theoretically, measures may deviate between different service offerings. Thus, where measures will be implemented at an organisation-wide level, their inheritance shall suffice for this section. Where measures will be implemented on a per-service offering level, individual evaluation per service offering will be required.

For all the security requirements, the criteria follow as much as possible the current discussions on the European Cloud Scheme (EUCS). When the EUCS is finalised, Gaia-X will adapt these criteria accordingly. Therefore, the terms on the different criteria on this item should be read in the light of EUCS.


Criterion P3.1.1: Organization of information security: Plan, implement, maintain and continuously improve the information security framework within the organisation.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • availability of a service information security policy, approved by the Provider‘s management;
  • procedures to perform a risk assessment covering the entire scope of the service.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 5.2.a, 5.2.b, 5.2.c, 5.2.d, 5.2.e, 5.3.a
  • BSI C5: OIS-01, OIS-02, COM-04
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.1.C
  • CSA CCM: GRC-01, GRC-03, GRC-05, GRC-06
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.1, Annex A 5.2, Annex 5.4
  • TISAX: 1.2.1, 1.2.2, 1.5.2

Example Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3
  • CSA CCM: GRC-01, GRC-03, GRC-05, GRC-06
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.1, Annex A 5.2, Annex 5.4
  • TISAX: 1.2.1, 1.2.2, 1.5.2

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.2: Information Security Policies: Provide a global information security policy, derived into policies and procedures regarding security requirements and to support business requirements

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).
The evidence shall detail:

  • availability of a global information security policy;
  • availability of policies and instructions derived from the information security policy ;
  • procedures to perform at least annually a review of information security policies and instructions.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 5.2
  • BSI C5: SP-01, SP-02, OIS-02
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.A
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.1

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: GRC-01, GRC-03, GRC-05
  • TISAX: 1.4.1

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.3: Risk Management: Ensure that risks related to information security are properly identified, assessed, and treated, and that the residual risk is acceptable to the CSP.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail :

  • availability of policies and instructions for risk management procedures
  • procedure to review at least annually the risk assessment;
  • acceptance by the management of the Provider of the residual risks identified in the risk assessment;

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 5.3.G, 5.3.H
  • BSI C5: OIS-06, OIS-07
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 5.4
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.1.C
  • CSA CCM: GRC-02
  • ISO/IEC 27001: 6.1.2, 6.1.3, 8.2

Example Standards:

  • TISAX: 1.4.1

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.4: Human Resources: Ensure that employees understand their responsibilities, are aware of their responsibilities with regard to information security, and that the organisation’s assets are protected in the event of changes in responsibilities or termination.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).
The evidence shall detail :

  • employment Terms&Conditions requiring compliance with applicable policies and instruction related to information security
  • procedures to inform internal and external employees about which responsibilities will remain in place when their employment is terminated or changed and for how long;
  • provisions to ensure and document that internal and external employees are committed to the policies and instructions for acceptable use and safe handling of assets and that assets handed over are returned upon termination of employment;
  • policies for managing user accounts and access rights for internal and external employees;
  • procedures to ensure that access rights are promptly revoked if the job responsibilities of the Provider’s internal or external staff change.

Permissible Standards:

  • BSI C5: HR-02, HR_03, HR-04, HR-05, HR-06, AM-05, IDM-01, IDM-04
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.C
  • SecNumCloud: 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.2, Annex A 5.11, Annex A 6.2, Annex A 6.3, Annex A 6.6

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: HRS-02, HRS-03, HRS-04, HRS-06, HRS-07, HRS-08, HRS-09, HRS-10, HRS-11, HRS-13
  • TISAX: 2.1.1, 2.1.2

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.5: Asset Management: Identify the organisation’s own assets and ensure an appropriate level of protection throughout their lifecycle.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).
The evidence shall detail :

  • Procedures for inventorying assets, where in the inventory for each software the information on its version and the equipment on which the software is installed is provided;
  • procedures to ensure that software licenses are valid throughout the provision of the service ;
  • policies and instructions for acceptable use, safe handling and return of assets;
  • processes for hardware commissioning and decommissioning.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4, 8.5, 11.8
  • BSI C5: AM-01, AM-02, AM-03, AM-04, AM-05, AM-06
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.D, 6.2.E
  • CSA CCM: DCS-01, DCS-02, DCS-04, DCS-05, DCS-06, CCC-01, CCC-04, CCC-06, HRS-05, CEK-04
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.9, Annex A 5.12, Annex A 5.15, Annex A 8.3
  • TISAX:1.3.1, 1.3.2

Example Standards:N/A

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.6: Physical Security: Prevent unauthorised physical access and protect against theft, damage, loss and outage of operations.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL).
The evidence shall detail:

  • security perimeters implemented, with a distinction between different zones and related means of limitation and access control according to the profiles of the stakeholders;
  • measures to keep a record of the identity of the visitors;
  • measures to prevent and limit the risk of fire departure and spread, water damage, power supply outage and air conditioning failures;
  • measures to protect electrical and telecommunications wiring from physical damage and interception;
  • means to provide operational redundancy;
  • structural, technical and organisational measures to protect the premises and buildings used for the provision of the service.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 11.1, 11.2, 11.3, 11.4, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 11.10
  • BSI C5: PS-01, PS-02, PS-03, PS-05, OS-07, PS-07
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.J
  • CSA CCM: DCS-07, DCS-09, DCS-10, DCS-12, DCS-13, DCS-14, DCS-15, LOG-12
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 7.1, Annex A 7.2, Annex A 7.3, Annex A 7.4, Annex A 7.5, Annex A 7.6, Annex A 7.7, Annex A 7.8, Annex A 7.9, Annex A 7.10, Annex A 711, Annex A 7.12, Annex A 7.13, Annex A 7.14

Example Standards:

  • TISAX: 3.1.1

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.7: Operational Security: Ensure proper and regular operation, including appropriate measures for planning and monitoring capacity, protection against malware, logging and monitoring events, and dealing with vulnerabilities, malfunctions and failures.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail :

  • procedures and technical and organisational safeguards for the monitoring and provisioning and de-provisioning of cloud services;
  • policies and instructions with specifications for protection against malware, detailing system-specific protection mechanisms;
  • policies and instructions that govern the logging and monitoring of events on system components within the area of responsibility of the Provider and related implementation procedures;
  • guidelines and instructions with technical and organisational measures to ensure the timely identification and addressing of vulnerabilities in the system components used to provide the service;
  • procedure for controlling the installation of software on the equipment of the service information system.

Permissible Standards:

  • BSI C5: OPS-01, OPS-02, OPS-03, OPS-04,OPS-05, OPS-10, OPS-11, OPS-12, OPS-13, OPS-14, OPS-15, OPS-16, OPS-17, OPS-18, OPS-19, OPS-20, OPS-22, OPS-23
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.K
  • CSA CCM: IVS-02, IVS-03, IVS-09, LOG-01, LOG-03, LOG-05, LOG-07, LOG-08, LOG-13, SEF-01, SEF-02, SEF-05, SEF-07, TVM-01, TVM-02, TVM-07, UEM-09, UEM-10
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 8.6, Annex A 8.7, Annex A 8.8, Annex 8.9, Annex A 8.15, Annex A 8.16
  • SecNumCloud: 6.1.a, 12.1, 12.4, 12.6, 12.7, 12.9, 12.10, 12.11, 16.1, 16.3.a, 17.4.a
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3

Example Standards:

  • TISAX: 5.2.3, 5.2.4, 5.2.5

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.8: Identity, Authentication and access control management: Limit access to information and information processing facilities.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • access control policies and measures, restricting physical access to information processing facilities and technical access to host software and networks to authorised personnel;
  • mechanisms for monitoring and detecting unauthorised access to sensitive areas;
  • procedures to ensure the allocation, modification, review and removal of access rights to resources from the service’s information system;
  • mechanisms to implement silos between the customers;
  • partitioning measures between the service’s information system and other information systems of the Provider.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 9.1, 9.2, 93. 9.4, 9.7, 11.2
  • BSI C5: PS-05, IDM-01, IDM-02, IDM-03, IDM-04, IDM-05, IDM-06, IDM-07
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.8
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.F
  • CSA CCM: DCS-07, DCS-09, IAM-01, IAM-04, IAM-05, IAM-06, IAM-07, IAM-08, IAM-09, IAM-10, IAM-11
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.15, Annex A 5.16, Annex A 5.17, Annex A 5.18, Annex A 8.2, Annex A 8.3

Example Standards:

  • TISAX: 4.1.1, 4.1.2, 4.1.3, 4.2.1

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.9: Cryptography and Key management: Ensure appropriate and effective use of cryptography to protect the confidentiality, authenticity or integrity of information.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, declaration of adherence to the following standards:

when storing or transferring information afferent to user information and data submitted or generated by the user when using the services.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6
  • BSI C5: CRY-01, CRY-02, CRY-03, CRY-04
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.G, 6.2.Hm 6.2.I
  • CSA CCM: CEK-01, CEK-02, CEK-03, CEK-04, CEK-05, CEK-06, CEK-07, CEK-08, CEK-09, CEK-10, CEK-11, CEK-12, CEK-13, CEK-14, CEK-15, CEK-16, CEK-17, CEK-18, * CEK-19, CEK-20, CEK-21
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 8.24

Example Standards:

  • TISAX: 5.1.1, 5.1.2

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.10: Communication Security: Ensure the protection of information in networks and the corresponding information processing systems.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X ontology, describe in the order of priority:

  1. List of IXPs or Transit Providers, or Available Points of Presence (PoPs):
  2. List of Datacenters Hosting Infrastructure Services:
  3. List of Hardware Equipment Geographic Locations (On-Premises Server Location):

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 13.1, 13.2, 13.3
  • BSI C5: COS-01, COS-02, COS-03, COS-04, COS-05, COS-06, COS-07, COS-08
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.L
  • CSA CCM: IPY-01, IPY-03, IVS-03, IVS-07
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 8.9, Annex A 8.12, Annex A 8.20, Annex A 8.21, Annex A 8.22
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.3

Example Standards:

  • TISAX: 5.1.2, 5.2.7

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards (EUCS Substantial (CKM-03.2, CKM-03.3, CKM-04.2, CKM-04.4)).

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label Level 2 (EUCS High(CKM-03.4, CKM-04.3)).


Criterion P3.1.11: Portability and Interoperability: The CSP shall provide a means by which a customer can obtain their stored customer data, and provide documentation on how (where appropriate, through documented API’s) the CSC can obtain the stored data at the end of the contractual relationship and shall document how the data will be securely deleted from the Cloud Service Provider in what timeframe.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail :

  • list of methods to export data from the user’s account out of the service,
  • available protections and known restrictions and technical limitations related to available porting methods and formats;
  • information on the means to request data retrieval;
  • information on the period during which the Customer is entitled to transfer their data once the contractual relationship is terminated.

Permissible Standards:

  • BSI C5: PI-01, PI_02, PI-03
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.2.A, 5.2.B, 5.2.C, 5.7.A, 5.7.B, 5.10.A, 5.10.B, 5.14.A, 5.14.B
  • CSA CCM: IPY-01, IPY-02, IPY-03, IPY-04
  • SWIPO IaaS: PR01, PR02, PR03, PR06, PR07, DP01, DP02, DP03, DP05, DP06, DP07, DP08, SCR01, TR02, PLR05
  • SecNumCloud: 19.1, 19.4
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.7, 4.10, 5.7

Example Standards:N/A

Success

This objective should be understood in the context of cybersecurity. Further portability objectives are defined in criteria P4.1.1 and P4.1.2

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.12: Change and Configuration Management: Ensure that changes and configuration actions to information systems guarantee the security of the delivered cloud service.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:
- policies and instructions including technical and organisational safeguards for change management of system components of the service;
- procedures to submit changes to a risk assessment with regard to potential effects on the system components concerned;
- mechanisms to ensure logging of changes;
- procedures to submit changes to appropriate testing during software development and deployment;
- provisions limiting changes directly impacting Customer’s owned environments/tenants;
- procedures for version control to track dependencies of changes and to restore affected system components.

Permissible Standards:

  • BSI C5: DEV-03, DEV-05, DEV-06, DEV-07, DEV-08, DEV-09
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.M
  • CSA CCM: CCC-01, CCC-02, CCC-04, CCC-05, CCC-06, CCC-07, CCC-09
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 8.9, Annex 8.32
  • SecNumCloud: 12.2, 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.6
  • TISAX: 5.2.1, 5.2.2

Example Standards:N/A

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.13: Development of Information systems: Ensure information security in the development cycle of information systems.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • rules for the the secure development of software and systems, to be applied to internal developments;
  • procedure for supervising and controlling outsourced software and system development activity;
  • procedure to maintain the history of the software and systems versions implemented;
  • procedures to test all applications before they are put into production;
  • mechanisms to implement a secure development environment.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.7
  • BSI C5: DEV-01, DEV-02, DEV-03, DEV-04, DEV-05, DEV-06, DEV-07, DEV-08, DEV-09
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.M
  • CSA CCM: DSP-, DSP-08, AIS-04, AIS-05, AIS-06
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 8.25, Annex 8.26, Annex A 8.27, Annex A 8.28, Annex A 8.29, Annex A 8.30, Annex A 8.31
  • TISAX: 5.3.1

Example Standards:N/A

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.14: Procurement Management: Ensure the protection of information that suppliers of the CSP can access and monitor the agreed services and security requirements.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • procedures to authorize access to the Customer’s data by suppliers, in the context of technical support, only after the explicit consent of the Customer;
  • procedures to keep up-to-date an exhaustive list of all third parties involved in the implementation of the service;
  • requirement to suppliers involved in the implementation of the service to ensure a level of security at least equivalent to that which it undertakes to operationalise its security policy;
  • audit clauses enabling a qualifying body to verify that suppliers comply with the security requirements set by the Provider.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 9.7.d, 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.N
  • CSA CCM: STA-09, STA-10, STA-11, STA-12, DSP-13
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.19 Annex A 5.20, Annex A 5.21
  • TISAX: 6.1.1, 6.1.2

Example Standards:

  • BSI C5: SSO-01, SSI-04

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.15: Incident Management: Ensure a consistent and comprehensive approach to the capture, assessment, communication and escalation of security incidents.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • procedures to provide prompt and effective response to security incidents, including the means and timelines for communicating security incidents and recommendations to limit their impact to all customers concerned;
  • procedures related to the communication of responsibilities of internal and external personnel, third party and customers with regard to the reporting of security incidents ;
  • procedures and guidelines for the assessment, classification, prioritisation and escalation of security incidents.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 16.1, 16.2, 16.3, 16.4, 16.5
  • BSI C5: SIM-01, SIM-02, SIM-03, SIM-04, SIM-05, OIS-03, OPS-13, OPS-21
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.O, 6.2.P
  • CSA CCM: SEF-01, SEF-02, SEF-03, SEF-05, SEF-06, SEF-07, SEF-08, LOG-03, LOG-05
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.24, Annex A 5.25, Annex A 5.26, Annex A 5.27
  • TISAX: 1.6.1
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.9

Example Standards:N/A

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.16: Business Continuity: Plan, implement, maintain and test procedures and measures for business continuity and emergency management.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidence about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail :

  • availability of business continuity and emergency plans ;
  • procedures to maintain or restore the operation of the service and ensure the availability of information according to the terms agreed with the Customer;
  • availability of an offline backup procedure for the configuration of the technical infrastructure.
  • definition of responsibilities in relation to business continuity and emergency management.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 17.1, 17.2, 17.3, 17.4, 17.5, 17.6
  • BSI C5: BCM-01, BCM-02, BCM-03
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.2.Q
  • CSA CCM: BCR-01, BCR-02, BCR-03, BCR-04, BCR-05, BCR-06, BCR-07, BCR-09, BCR-10
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.29, Annex A 5.30

Example Standards:N/A

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.17: Compliance: Avoid non-compliance with legal, regulatory, self-imposed or contractual information security and compliance requirements.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • procedures and mechanisms to identify and document the security needs relevant to information security of the service;
  • procedures and mechanisms to identify the legal, regulatory and contractual requirements applicable to the service and procedures to comply with these requirements;
  • procedures to document the choices of technical and organisational measures made to meet the personal data protection requirements in relation to the Provider’s role in the processing of data;
  • procedures to perform (at least annually) periodical internal audits of the Information Security Management System;
  • procedures to provide transparent information on the technical and organisational measures the Provider has in place to protect Customer’s data.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 8.3, 18.1, 18.3
  • BSI C5: COM-01, COM-03
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.3.A
  • ISO/IEC 27001: Annex A 5.31
  • TISAX: 7.1.1

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: GRC-07, HRS-13, A&A-04

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.18: User documentation: Provide up-to-date information on the secure configuration and known vulnerabilities of the cloud service for cloud customers.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the Provider’s documentation made available to customers or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • guidelines and recommendations for the secure use of the service provided;
  • refer to a register of known vulnerabilities affecting the service offering.

Permissible Standards:

  • BSI C5: PSS-01, PSS-03
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 6.3.A

Example Standards:N/A

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.19: Dealing with information requests from government agencies: Ensure appropriate handling of government investigation requests for legal review, information to cloud customers, and limitation of access to or disclosure of Customer Data.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from Provider’s documentation or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • procedures to submit to a legal assessment the investigation requests from government agencies ;
  • procedures to respond to requests by government agencies in due time and with appropriate detail and quality.
  • procedures to inform the Customer when it receives a request from the government agency relating to Customer Data, if permitted by law ;
  • procedures to ensure that the agencies submitting investigation requests only gain access to or insight into the data that is the subject of the investigation request. If no clear limitation of the data is possible, procedures to anonymise or pseudonymise the data.

Permissible Standards:

  • BSI C5: INQ-01, INQ-02, INQ-03, INQ-04
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.11.B, 5.11.C

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: DSP-12, DSP-18

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.


Criterion P3.1.20: Product security: Provide appropriate mechanisms for cloud customers to enable product security.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding act/other Provider’s documentation made available to the Customer or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • Guidelines and recommendations for the secure use of the service provided;
  • Error handling, logging and authentication mechanisms;
  • Implementation of a session management system.

Permissible Standards:

  • BSI C5: PSS-01, PSS-04, PSS-05, PSS-06, PSS-08, PSS-10, PSS-11, PSS-12
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 5.1, 5.3, 4.3
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.1.C

Example Standards:

  • CSA CCM: IAM-11

Label L2

Onsite assessment following assessment process according to the respective standards.

Label L3

Assessment process according to the process for EUCS Level High ; ad interim: see Label L2.

4.6 Portability

The section refers to the application of Art. 6 (1) Free Flow of Data Regulation (FFoDR). It applies to any Service Offering, regardless of its Provider, type, purpose, or processed categories of data.

4.6.1 Switching and porting of Customer Data


Criterion P4.1.1: The Provider shall implement practices for facilitating the switching of Providers and the porting of Customer Data in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format including open standard formats where required or requested by the Customer.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL), shall be provided. The evidence shall detail:

  • Information on the contractual provisions allowing the Customer to retrieve all of its data;
  • List of methods to import and export Customer Data in a structured, commonly used and machine-readable format.

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1.g, 19.1.h
  • SWIPO IaaS: DP01, DP02, DP03, DP04, DP05, DP08

Example Standards:N/A

Note

The switching process involves three parties, the Customer, the exiting Provider and the receiving Provider who should all duly co-operate to execute the transfer.

Note

The Customer Data received by the Customer or the importing Provider could include configuration information as well as information about the software systems used for the Service Offering.

LabelL2, LabelL3

To the extent there is no project with / or no mechanism to receive a third-party attestation, a self-declaration shall suffice; once a mechanism/project including third-party statements exists, and such project/mechanisms is mapped by Gaia-X, the third-party attestation becomes mandatory.

LabelL2, LabelL3

For the time being, for Lvl2 and Lvl3 it must be ensured that at a minimum the self-assessment is formally declared to an independent body as provided by the project - e.g., for SWIPO this is the SWIPO secretariat.


Criterion P4.1.2: The Provider shall ensure pre-contractual information exists, with sufficiently detailed, clear and transparent information regarding the processes of Customer Data portability, technical requirements, timeframes and charges that apply in case a professional user wants to switch to another Provider or port Customer Data back to its own IT systems.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration certification

Declaration: Description based on either 1. or 2.:

  1. Using the Gaia-X Ontology, evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL), shall be provided.
    The evidence shall detail:

    • Information on the following elements: documentation, available support and tools, data porting processes and supported capabilities, available porting methods and formats, charges and terms associated with porting, procedures for handling the Customer data on the Provider’s infrastructure after termination of the service, third parties that have access to the data through the process, policies and process for accessing data in the event of Provider’s bankruptcy or acquisition by another entity;
    • Procedures for initiating and managing switching and porting from/to the Service.
      2. Declaration of compliance to criterion 4.1.2.

Permissible Standards:

  • SWIPO IaaS: TR03, PR01, PR02, PR03, PR04, PR06, PR07

Example Standards:N/A

LabelL2, LabelL3

To the extent there is no project with / or no mechanism to receive a third-party attestation, a self-declaration shall suffice; once a mechanism / project including third-party statements exists, and such project / mechanisms is mapped by Gaia-X, the third-party attestation becomes mandatory.

LabelL2, LabelL3

For the time being, for Lvl2 and Lvl3 it must be ensured that at a minimum the self-assessment is formally declared to an independent body as provided by the project - e.g., for SWIPO this is the SWIPO secretariat.

4.7 European Control

This section applies to any service offering, regardless of its Provider, type, purpose, or processed categories of data. However, requirements shall only apply subject to the indicated labels. This section aims to address the Customer’s or domain-specific needs, e.g., by limiting storage and/or processing to the area of EU/EEA.

Gaia-X distinguishes 3 levels of Labels, starting from Label Level 1 (the lowest), up to Label Level 3 (the highest), which represent different degrees of compliance with regard to the goals of transparency, autonomy, data protection, security, interoperability, flexibility, and European Control. Some of the following requirements are specific to a respective Label Level.

4.7.1 Processing and storing of Customer Data in EU/EEA


Criterion P5.1.1: For Label Level 2, the Provider shall provide the option that all Customer Data are processed and stored exclusively in EU/EEA.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A certification N/A

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1, 19.2
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.4

Example Standards:

  • BSI C5: PSS-12

LabelL2

Declaration until an external entity is accredited by the Gaia-X Association


Criterion P5.1.2: For Label Level 3, the Provider shall process and store all Customer Data exclusively in the EU/EEA.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A certification

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.1, 19.2
  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 4.4

Example Standards:N/A

LabelL3

Declaration until an external entity is accredited by the Gaia-X Association


Criterion P5.1.3: For Label Level 3, where the Provider or subcontractor is subject to legal obligations to transmit or disclose Customer Data on the basis of a non-EU/EEA statutory order, the Provider shall have verified safeguards in place to ensure that any access request is compliant with EU/EEA/Member State law.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A certification

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A

Note

This is a general principle which is not assessable. The verified safeguards are further specified in subsequent criteria in this section (P5.1.4 - P5.1.7).


Criterion P5.1.4: For Label Level 3, the Provider’s registered head office, headquarters and main establishment shall be established in a Member State of the EU/EEA.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A certification

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.6

Example Standards:N/A

LabelL3

Declaration until an external entity is accredited by the Gaia-X Association


Criterion P5.1.5: For Label Level 3, Shareholders in the Provider, whose registered head office, headquarters and main establishment are not established in a Member State of the EU/EEA shall not, directly or indirectly, individually or jointly, hold control of the CSP. Control is defined as the ability of a natural or legal person to exercise decisive influence directly or indirectly on the CSP through one or more intermediate entities, de jure or de facto. (cf. Council Regulation No 139/2004 and Commission Consolidated Jurisdictional Notice under Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 for illustrations of decisive control).

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A certification

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A

LabelL3

Declaration until an external entity is accredited by the Gaia-X Association


Criterion P5.1.6: For Label Level 3, in the event of recourse by the Provider, in the context of the services provided to the Customer, to the services of a third-party company - including a subcontractor - whose registered head office, headquarters and main establishment is outside of the European Union or who is owned or controlled directly or indirectly by another third-party company registered outside the EU/EEA, the third-party company shall have no access over the Customer Data nor access and identity management for the services provided to the Customer. The Provider, including any of its sub-processors, shall push back any request received from non-European authorities to obtain communication of Customer Data relating to European Customers, except if request is made in execution of a court judgment or order that is valid and compliant under Union law and applicable Member States law as provided by Article 48 GDPR.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A certification

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.6

LabelL3

Declaration until an external entity is accredited by the Gaia-X Association


Criterion P5.1.7: For Label Level 3, the Provider must maintain continuous operating autonomy for all or part of the services it provides. The concept of operating autonomy shall be understood as the ability to maintain the provision of the cloud computing service by drawing on the provider’s own skills or by using adequate alternatives

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A N/A N/A certification

Declaration: N/A

Permissible Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 19.6.d

Example Standards:N/A

LabelL3

Declaration until an external entity is accredited by the Gaia-X Association

4.7.2 Access to Customer Data


Criterion P5.2.1: The Provider shall not access Customer Data unless authorized by the Customer or when the access is in accordance with applicable laws in scope of the legally binding act.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration certification certification

Declaration: Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall include evidences about the provisions covering the criterion, either copied from the legally binding document or in a structured machine-readable format (DSL). The evidence shall detail:

  • policies and guidelines to ensure that Customer Data is not accessed by the Provider for any purpose independent of Customer’s instructions as provided in the legally binding act, and/or has been explicitly requested by the Customer and/or is necessary to comply with applicable laws in the scope of the legally binding act.

Permissible Standards:

  • CISPE (GDPR, Infrastructure & IaaS): 3
  • EU Cloud CoC (GDPR, XaaS): 5.4.A, 5.4.B, 5.4.C, 5.12.C

Example Standards:

  • SecNumCloud: 9.7
  • BSI C5: IDM-07
  • CSA CCM: DSP-15

LabelL2 & LabelL3

The verification is done using the permissible standards as they are will cover the criterion.

If access to Customer Data requires customer authorization on a case-by-case basis (e.g. to perform support activities):

  • Verification of an exemplary case to determine whether the access to Customer Data was authorized by the Customer in accordance with the requirements in the applicable documentation.

4.8 Sustainability


Criterion P6.1.1: The Provider shall provide transparency on the environmental impact of the Service Offering provided

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
declaration declaration declaration declaration

Declaration: Link to an environmental impact report of the Provider. The report shall describe the consumption of natural resources such as water and energy sources, the carbon footprint, the use of pollutants and other factors.

Permissible Standards:N/A

Example Standards:N/A

Note

The report may be an aggregate statement on a portfolio of services, not necessarily reflecting the impact of an individual Service Offering.


Criterion P6.1.2: The Provider shall ensure that the Service Offering meets or relies on an infrastructure Services Offering which meets a high standard in energy efficiency, meeting an annual target of PUE of 1.3 in cool climates and 1.4 in warm climates

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A declaration certification certification

Declaration: Declaration based either on 1. or 2.:

  1. Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall contain the value of Power usage effectiveness (PUE) met by the Service Offering/by the Infrastructure Services Offering it relies on, meeting an annual target of PUE of 1.3 in cool climates and 1.4 in warm climates.
  2. the declaration shall contain the link to the public registered Provider’s adherence to one of the Permissible Standards.

Permissible Standards:

  • Climate Neutral Data Centre Pact (CNDCP)

Example Standards:N/A

Note

By January 1, 2025, the metric should be met by any new data centre at full capacity used to provide the Service Offering. Pre-existing data centres will achieve these same targets by January 1, 2030. The targets apply to all data centres larger than 50KW of maximum IT power demand.

Note

PUE is a ratio that describes how efficiently a computer data centre uses energy; specifically, how much energy is used by the computing equipment (in contrast to cooling and other overhead that supports the equipment). PUE is the ratio of the total amount of energy used by a computer data centre facility to the energy delivered to computing equipment.


Criterion P6.1.3: The Provider shall ensure that the Service Offering meets or relies on an infrastructure Services Offering for which electricity demand will be matched by 75% renewable energy or hourly carbon-free energy by 31st December 2025, and 100% by 31st December 2030.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A declaration certification certification

Declaration: Declaration based either on 1. or 2.:

  1. Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall contain the percentage of renewable energy or hourly carbon free energy matching the electricity demand of the Service Offering/the infrastructure Services it relies on. The value shall be equal to or greater than 75 by 31st December 2025, and equal to 100 by 31st December 2030.
  2. the declaration shall contain the link to the public registered Provider’s adherence to one of the Permissible Standards.

Permissible Standards:

  • Climate Neutral Data Centre Pact (CNDCP)

Example Standards:N/A


Criterion P6.1.4: The Provider shall ensure that the Service Offering meets or relies on an infrastructure Services Offering that will meet a high standard for water conservation demonstrated through the application of a location and source sensitive water usage effectiveness (WUE)target of 0.4 L/kWh in areas with water stress.

Conformity Label L1 Label L2 Label L3
N/A declaration certification certification

Declaration: Description based either on 1. or 2.:

  1. Using the Gaia-X Ontology, the declaration shall contain the value of Water usage effectiveness (WUE) met by the Service Offering/by the infrastructure Services it relies on. By January 1, 2025 the maximum WUE is set to 0.4 L/kWh in areas with water stress for new data centres at full capacity in cool climates that use potable water.
  2. the declaration shall contain the link to the public registered Provider’s adherence to one of the Permissible Standards.

Permissible Standards:

  • Climate Neutral Data Centre Pact (CNDCP)

Example Standards:N/A

Note

By January 1, 2025 new data centres at full capacity in cool climates that use potable water will be designed to meet a maximum WUE of 0.4 L/kWh in areas with water stress. The limit for WUE can be modified based on climate, stress and water type to encourage the use of sustainable water sources for cooling. By December 31, 2040, existing data centres that replace a cooling system will meet the WUE target applied to new data centres.

Note

Water usage effectiveness (WUE) is used to measure data centre sustainability in terms of water usage and its relation to energy consumption. It is calculated as the ratio between water used at the data centre (water loops, adiabatic towers, humidification, etc.) and energy delivered to the IT equipment. WUE will be measured using the category 1 site value, per ISO/IEC 30134-9:2022 standard.

Suggest a modification